Protective factors against dating violence
Research on youth violence has increased our understanding of factors that make some populations more vulnerable to victimization and perpetration.
Risk factors increase the likelihood that a young person will become violent.
Certain factors may increase teens’ risk of experiencing and perpetrating teen dating violence.
A number of studies have looked at the relationship between teen dating violence and community, family, peer, and individual risk factors.
The Centers for Disease Control reports that in their 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, nearly 10 percent of high school students experienced dating violence in the year preceding the study.
More than one-fifth of college undergraduates experience such violence, according to the results of a Clute Institute study published in 2013.
The sample involved 236 (52 % female) low-income Latino (69 %) and African American (31 %) youth, their older sisters, and their mothers who were studied when youth were, on average, ages 13 and 18 years.
A combination of individual, relational, community, and societal factors contribute to the risk of becoming an IPV perpetrator or victim.Mothers’ early strictness, monitoring, and conservative sexual attitudes predicted a lower likelihood of subsequent assault and served as significant buffers given specific risks, particularly for girls and Latinos.The findings suggest that behavior and social network patterns established relatively early in life increase one’s vulnerability to victimization later in life, as well as point to aspects of parenting that serve a protective function against such outcomes.Understanding these multilevel factors can help identify various opportunities for prevention.
Teen dating violence and sexual victimization are serious public health concerns.Further, many adolescents have difficulty recognizing physical and sexual abuse as such and may perceive controlling and jealous behaviors as signs of love (Levy, 1990).